This name is the deficit of thyroid hormone produced in our body. This means that the gland is unable to produce enough thyroid hormones for the proper functioning of our body. It happens more to women than men. Only in America hypothyroidism affects 5 million people.
The thyroid gland is located on the lower anterior neck in front of the larynx (or Adam’s apple walnut) and above the sternum. Thyroid hormones are chemicals produced by the thyroid gland and are called T3 or T4 or triiodothyronine and thyroxine. In hypothyroidism there is a difficulty to burn fat, a tendency to store them and a decrease in energy expenditure which is associated with overweight.
Below are listed the functions performed by the hormones T3 and T4.
- stimulate growth, development and tissue differentiation
- regulate body temperature
- regulate the metabolism and utilization of body energy
- control the proper functioning of the circulatory system
- encourage the consumption of oxygen by cells
- facilitate the uptake of glucose in the intestine, muscle and adipose tissue, enhancing the effects of insulin
- give vitality to the body
- participate in the synthesis and degradation of fats
- facilitate the excretion of cholesterol
- involved in the development of the nervous system
- stimulate protein synthesis and degradation
- intervene in the formation of vitamins, especially vitamin A from carotenes