The incidence of these diseases is five or six times higher in women than in men. The pathology that most frequently affects the thyroid is hypothyroidism: decreased production of thyroid hormones (T3 and T4), which are essential for the body. One of the causes that generate this disease, which affects about 8% of the adult population, due to the formation of antibodies triggered by the iodine found in the salt, that decrease the production of these hormones. Other disorders include hyperthyroidism, an excess of T3 and T4-, and lymph cancer in the area.
There is a genetic pattern that makes it vulnerable to the thyroid, but the disease is not inherited, but only the possibility of contracting it. In case there are disruptions in the family is advisable to make annual checks to the thyroid.
A patient with hypothyroidism tend to feel down, nonprofit, and drowsiness. There is a tendency to gain a little weight for no apparent reason and even women can cause them trouble conceiving. With hyperthyroidism, however, often experience weight loss, nervousness, insomnia, lack of strength and sensation of palpitations. The nodules are thyroid cancer that can be perceived by touch or sight, but in other cases only be seen with ultrasound. With the emergence of these symptoms the main recommendation would be to consult a specialist.